Temples Architecture West India

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  • The temples in the north-western parts of India including Gujarat and Rajasthan, and stylistically extendable, at times, to western Madhya Pradesh are too numerous to include here in any comprehensive way.
Temples in North-Western
  • The stone used to build the temples ranges in colour and type.
  • While sandstone is the commonest, a grey to black basalt can be seen in some of the tenth to twelveth century temple sculptures.
  • The most exuberant and famed is the manipulatable soft white marble which is also seen in some of the tenth to twelveth century Jain temples in Mount Abu and the fifteenth century temple at Ranakpur.
  • Among the most important art-historical sites in the region is Samlaji in Gujarat which shows how earlier artistic traditions of the region mixed with a post-Gupta style and gave rise to a distinct style of sculpture.
  • A large number of sculptures made of grey schist have been found in this region which can be dated between the sixth and eighth centuries CE.
  • While the patronage of these is debated, the date is established on the basis of the style.
  • The Sun temple at Modhera dates back to early eleventh century and was built by Raja Bhimdev I of the Solanki Dynasty in 1026.
  • The Solank is were a branch of the later Chalukyas.
  • There is a massive rectangular stepped tank called the surya kund in front of it.
  • Proximity of sacred architecture to a water body such as a tank, a river or a pond has been noticed right from the earliest times.
  • This hundred-square-metre rectangular pond is perhaps the grandest temple tank in India.
  • A hundred and eight miniature shrines are carved in between the steps inside the tank.
  • A huge ornamental arch-toranaleads one to the sabha mandapa (the assembly hall) which is open on all sides, as was the fashion of the times in western and central Indian temples.
  • The influence of the woodcarving tradition of Gujarat is evident in the lavish carving and sculpture work.

East India

  • found in the NorthEast, Bengal and Odisha.
  • Each of these three areas produced distinct types of temples.
East India Bengal Temple
  • The history of architecture in the North-East and Bengal is hard to study because a number of ancient buildings in those regions were renovated, and what survives now are later brick or concrete temples at those sites.
  • It appears that terracotta was the main medium of construction, and also for moulding plaques which depicted Buddhist and Hindu deities in Bengal until the seventh century.
  • A large number of sculptures have been found in Assam and Bengal which shows the development of important regional schools in those regions.
Odisha Temple