Temple Architecture & Dravid School of Temple Architecture for Competitive Exams

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Temple Architecture

Image of Temple Architecture

Image of Temple Architecture

Image of Temple Architecture

  • Began and reached a climax during Gupta period.

  • The gupta period is described as classic degree of perfection.

  • Perfect balance and harmony of all elements in style and iconography.

  • Earlier developments

  • A circular brick and timber shrine of the Mauryan period of 3rd century B.C. was excavated at Bairat District of Jaipur, Rajasthan.

  • Temple ’ at Sanchi, has a similar plan, it was a stone temple on an apsidal plan enclosed by an ambulatory, and raised on a high, rectangular scale, approached by two flights of steps from diagonally opposite sides.

  • The super structure was possibly built of wood, and has disappeared.

Temple Architectures

Temple Architectures

Temple Architectures

  • This is a little structure built of huge almost boulder like blocks of stones.

  • The temple consists of a simple square cell the garbhagriha or sanctum sanctorum, in front of which there is a coveredverandah, a portico, which consists of four heavy pillars supporting a stone roof.

  • The pillars as well as the entire structure is as simple.

  • He didn’t consider the climate and did not provide gargoyles to allow the rainwater to run off the roof.

  • The entire structure is heavy, bulky, and clumsy. Probably, this was constructed near about to A.D.

  • The earliest structural temple still standing in its original condition is the one constructed at Aihole in Karnataka.

  • There are five stages of temple architectural development

1st stage

Image of kankalidevi temple

Image of Kankalidevi Temple

Image of kankalidevi temple

  • Square temple

  • Flat roof temple

  • Shallow pillared approach

  • Temple constructed on low platform

  • Ex. temple no at Sanchi

  • Kankalidevi temple, Tigwa, MP.

2nd stage

Image of 2nd stage of temple

Image of 2nd Stage of Temple

Image of 2nd stage of temple

  • Square temple

  • Flat roof temple

  • Higher platform

  • Covered embulatory passage around The garbhgriha(santum santorum)

  • 2 storeyed temples are found

  • Ex. Parbati temple at Nachna kuthara,MP

3rd stage

Image of Square Temple

Image of Square Temple

Image of Square Temple

  • Square temple

  • Concept of shikhar introduced

  • Low and square shikhar

  • Pillar approach

  • Higher platform continued

  • Introduction of panchayatan style main shrine 4 subsidiary shrines

  • Main shrine rectangular shape

  • Crucified ground plan

  • Precursor to nagara style

  • Ex. Dashavatar temple deogarh,UP

  • Durga temple Ahihole, Karnataka

4th stage

Image of Rectangular Sample

Image of Rectangular Sample

Image of Rectangular Sample

  • Rectangular temple

  • Shikhar

  • Higher platform

  • Panchayatan style

  • Ex.Ter temple Sholapur,maharashtra

5th stage

Image of Rectangular temple

Image of Rectangular Temple

Image of Rectangular temple

  • Circular temple with shallow rectangular projections at four cardinal faces

  • Ex. Maniar matha Rajgir,Bihar

Dravid School of Temple Architecture

Image of Dravid School of temple architecture

Image of Dravid School of Temple Architecture

Image of Dravid School of temple architecture

  • Functions

  • Religious matter

  • Administrative centres

  • Control of vast areas of land

Architecture

Image of Architecture of Temple

Image of Architecture of Temple

Image of Architecture of Temple