International Relations: Introduction, Characteristics, State and Nation-State System

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International Relations: State, Nation-state System (Political Science)

Introduction

  • International politics has traditionally been viewed as politics among nation for varied interest.

  • Nation state the basic unit of action in international system.

  • They are the key actors.

  • With specific purposes.

  • Agents being diplomats and soldiers.

  • As such international politics has been basically system of interaction among nation-states.

  • Throughout most of what is called ‘modern history’ , Palmer and Perkins write, “ the nation – state system has been dominant pattern of international political organisation in the western world, and more recently it has spread to the other part of the world as well”.

  • Treaty of Westphalia -1648 , marks the end of thirty year war and led to the emergence of nation state system.

  • As a result , roman empire lost allegiance and command over states.

  • Pope had no right to interfere.

  • The states emerged as supreme in their territory.

  • Both temporally and secularly.

  • Sovereignty got recognition.

  • States interacted as sovereign states for securing their national interest.

  • Rise of nationalism in 17th century is another important feature.

  • England, saw the rise of fist modern nation-state.

  • American and French revolution further strengthened the concept of nation state, along with nationalism.

  • Napoleon Bonaparte however transformed nationalists ideology to expansionist.

  • Throughout most of what is called ‘modern history’ , Palmer and Perkins write, “ the nation – state system has been dominant pattern of international political organisation in the western world, and more recently it has spread to the other part of the world as well”.

  • Treaty of Westphalia -1648 , marks the end of thirty year war and led to the emergence of nation state system.

  • As a result , roman empire lost allegiance and command over states.

  • Pope had no right to interfere.

  • The states emerged as supreme in their territory.

  • Both temporally and secularly.

Characteristics

The nation-state system is governed by four major characteristics. They are _

  • Population

  • Territory

  • Government

  • Sovereignty

In international its four basic credentials were recognized.

  • Nationalism

  • Territorial integrity

  • Sovereignty

  • Legal equality

Nationalism – the rise of nation –state system was accompanied by rise of nationalism. The faith and love that an individual have in his state drives the feelings. He fight for it, obeys its commands and relates their life to it.

Sovereignty – hallmark of system. It implies both internal as well as external sovereignty.

Legal equality– All sovereigns are equal. international law recognizes all states as equals.

Territorial integrity – the nation state system has come to be conceptualized as a territorial entity and protection of people living in its boundaries became its chief responsibility.

MCQs –

1. Nation-state system first appeared in ?

a) England

b) Europe

c) U.S.A

d) Russia

Answer: A

2. Treaty of Westphalia was signed in ?

A) 1666

B) 1688

C) 1648

D) 1700

Answer: C

3. who said – nuclear age has rendered the nation-state and the concept of sovereignty quite obsolete.?

a) Boulding and herz

b) Morgenthou

c) Thompson

d) None of the above

Answer: A

4. Who said - “ the nation – state system has been dominant pattern of international political organisation in the western world, and more recently it has spread to the other part of the world as well”.

a) Palmer and Perkins

b) Frankel

c) Kenneth waltz

d) None

Answer: A

5. four major elements of nation-state system includes-

a) Sovereignty

b) Population

c) Power

d) Government

Codes:

a) a,b,c

b) b,c,d

c) A, b

d) A,d,c

Answer: C

#TreatyofWestphalia

#thirty year war #nation-statesystem#nationalism#industrialrevolution#Nationalism

#Sovereignty

#Legal equality

#Territorial integrity

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