Cooperation and Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters

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  • The Indian government has worked to extend air, land and sea routes to strengthen trade links with Myanmar and establish a gas pipeline.

  • Energy: Ongc CnPC competing...

  • S&T: Cartosat data

  • While the involvement of India’s private sector has been low and growing at a slow pace, both governments are proceeding to enhance cooperation in agriculture, telecommunications, information technology, steel, oil, natural gas, hydrocarbons and food processing. According to the ministry of external affairs, relations with Myanmar have become truly multi-faceted, ‘with cooperation in a range of developmental and other projects in the areas of roads, power, hydro-carbon, oil refinery, transmission lines, telecommunications and information technology.’

  • The bilateral border trade agreement of 1994 provides for border trade to be carried out from three designated border points, one each in Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland.

  • 2001 India and Burma inaugurated a major 160-kilometre highway, called the Indo-Myanmar Friendship Road,

  • Both nations sought to cooperate to counteract drug trafficking and insurgent groups operating in the border areas.

  • India and Myanmar are leading members of BIMSTEC and the Mekong-Ganga Cooperation, along with Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Thailand, helping India develop its influence and ties amongst Southeast Asian nations.

Joint Statement of Thanshwe’S Visit

  • The Indian side agreed to consider Myanmar’s request for assistance in the three areas namely: IT development, Industrial development and Infrastructure development in Myanmar.

  • Construction and revamping of the Rhi-Tiddim road at a cost of more than US$ 60 million.

  • Grant of US$ 10 million for procurement of agricultural machinery from India.

  • The two leaders agreed to cooperate in the implementation of the Tamanthi and Shwezaye projects on the Chindwin River Basin in Myanmar.

  • The Myanmar side conveyed their gratitude for India’s line of credit of US$ 64 million in the transmission lines sector to be executed through M/s. PGCIL.

  • The two leaders agreed to upgrade the microwave link between Moreh to Mandalay under a line of credit of US$ 6 million from India.

  • The restoration of the historic Ananda temple in Bagan to be undertaken with the assistance of the Archaeological Survey of India, with the involvement of the Ministry of Culture of Myanmar.

  • The following agreements signed between India and Myanmar by different ministers/officials of the two sides were also witnessed by Chairman, State Peace and Development Council of Myanmar, Senior General Than Shwe and Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.

Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters

  • Memorandum of Understanding regarding Indian Grant Assistance for Implementation of Small Development Projects

  • Agreement on Cooperation in the fields of Science and Technology

  • Memorandum of understanding on Information Cooperation

  • Memorandum of understanding for the Conservation and Restoration of the Ananda Temple in Bagan.

  • Krishna’s Visit: economy and security

  • Both the countries will also sign an agreement setting up Myanmar’s second industrial park with Indian help.

  • A memorandum of understanding will be signed for improving border trade by linking Manipur with Tiddim in Chin state of Myanmar through Rhi-Tiddim road.

  • While India is concerned with the slow pace of progress on the issue of national reconciliation and the consequent delay in installing a democratically elected government in power in Yangon, the strategic scenario compels India to balance its security concerns with its support for the emergence of democratic rule.

  • It is only through close engagement that India can promote leverages with the ruling regime to nudge it gently towards national reconciliation.

  • India must also increase its economic footprint in Myanmar, particularly in areas that are contiguous to India.

  • The fear psychosis of Myanmar’s military junta is being exploited by China and this cannot be in the interest of either India or any of the other democracies of the free world.

  • It is important to end Myanmar’s isolation and to allay its fears that the whole world is ganging up against it.

  • India’s national interest lies in a strong and stable Myanmar that observes strict neutrality between India and China

  • For India, Myanmar is a bridge with Southeast Asia. In fact, it is a bridge between the countries comprising the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (where Myanmar has observer status) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

December 2011 Update

The Myanmar govt, military, NLD and Suu Kyi are now together working towards reforms in the country. What should India’s role be now?

  • India should re-craft its Myanmar policy with a judicious mixture of pragmatism and boldness.

  • It should no longer be content with just a focus on managing development cooperation projects; it must enhance the political quotient of the relationship. It is time to articulate our interest in crafting ‘a strategic relationship’ with Myanmar.

  • There should be more high-level visits to Myanmar

  • Accelerate business to business engagement and dialogue between the strategic communities.

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