Major Indian Projects in Myanmar: Construction, Upgrading Land Resurfacing

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  • Myanmar is a lynch pin for Look East policy as it is the land bridge between India and ASEAN.

  • While the main thrust of the Look East Policy has been economic and integration and energy security with the nations of South East Asia, in the case of Myanmar it is also of strategic importance and security of our North East. India has a land border of 1640 Km and a coast line of 1930 Km to the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal.

  • It was in 1993 when India reversed its stand and started engaging the military regime. Since then our relations with Myanmar has been in the upswing and had paid dividends (though some analysts consider that it is not commensurate with the effort).

Major Indian Projects in Myanmar

  • Construction, upgrading land resurfacing of the 160 Km long Tamu-Kalewa-Kalemyo road, upgradation of Rhi-Tiddim and Rhi-Falam roads.

  • Kaladan Multi-modal Transport project

  • ADSL project for High Speed Data Link in 32 Myanmar Cities has been completed by TCIL

  • ISRO assisted Data Processing centre in Yangon

  • A heavy truck assembly of TATAs.

  • ONGC Videsh Limited, GAIL and ESSAR have stakes in the energy sector in Myanmar

  • In addition, India has exchanged high level visits with Myanmar. India has supplied defence equipment and port calls by the Indian Navy Ships have been made. In January 2006, a Myanmar Navy ship participated in “Milan” at Port Blair. This was a historic first ever visit of a Myanmar warship to any foreign port. Gen Deepak Kapoor Chief of Army Staff visited Myanmar in October 2009 and an Indian delegation led by the Home Secretary which included senior officials from Army and Military Intelligence visited Myanmar in January 2010. Myanmar is learnt to have agreed to launch “coordinated operations” to flush out NE militants from its territory—quite similar to what Bhutan did against ULFA in 2003. Bilateral Trade has expanded significantly from US $ 12.4 million in 1980-81 to US $ 951.14 million in 2008-09.

  • Myanmar has been given the status of observer in SAARC in August 2008

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