Labour Welfare: Meaning, Features and Theories Management YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Labour Welfare: Meaning, Features and Theories Management


  • According to ILO, labour welfare can be defined as a term, which is understood to include such services, facilities, and amenities as may be established in or in the vicinity of undertakings to enable the persons employed in them to perform their work in healthy, congenial surroundings and to provide them with amenities conducive to good health and high morale.
  • Labour welfare relates to taking care of the well-being of workers by employers, trade unions, governmental and non-governmental institutions and agencies.
  • Welfare includes anything that is done for the comfort and improvement of employees and is provided over and above the wages.
Meaning, Features and Theories


  • Dynamic – Labour welfare is dynamic in nature. It varies from country to country, region to region and organization to organization. Labour welfare activities depend upon the need of the workers, their social status, and social class and so on.
  • Flexible – Labour welfare is a flexible and ever-changing concept as new welfare measures are added from time to time to the existing measures. The needs of work force changes with time and the changing social environment
  • Voluntary or mandatory – Some labour welfare measures are provided by laws and mandatory, while some are voluntarily provided by the organization for betterment of the employees. Welfare measures may be introduced by the employers, government, employees or by any social or charitable agency.
  • Functions – Labour welfare programme includes various services, facilities and amenities provided to workers for improving their health, efficiency, economic betterment and to enhance social status of the employees.

Types of Welfares Offered

According to ILO, they can be divided into two groups:

  • Intramural: Some benefits are required to be able to keep working actively to contribute fully in the production process. These are the welfare services given within the premises of establishment.
    • For example: clean drinking water, bathing facility, canteens, crèches etc.
  • Extramural Services: These welfare services are provided outside the premises of the establishment. They are basically given for protecting the social security of the workers. Every employee wants to be in secure in unforeseen and contingent situations
    • For example: medical facilities, gratuity, pension, maternity benefits, social insurance, accidental insurance etc.

Theories of Labour Welfare

  • Policing Theory: This theory strongly believes that the labour welfare should be regulated by laws i.e.. , everything should be clearly mentioned in the law.
  • Philanthropic Theory: It is based on the humanitarian aspect. Here a man cares about others sufferings and pain of others. So, they take care for others.
  • Religious Theory: In this theory it is believed that good work is an investment. It is also believed that the sins get vanished if welfare activates are performed.
  • Paternalistic Theory: Here it is believed that whatever an owner holds, he distributes among others and keep something for himself. He considers himself as trustee of workmen
  • Placating Theory: This theory believes that labour groups are becoming more militant and aware of their rights and privileges than before.
  • Public relations Theory: This theory believed that share should be good relations between the organization and the public. It is through the labour welfare practices that that the organization develops positive brand image


Which theory of labour welfare believes that proper laws should be there promoting labour rights?

1. Placating theory

2. Policing theory

3. Philanthropic theory

4. Religious theory

Which theory considers love for mankind?

1. Public relations theory

2. Placating theory

3. Philanthropic theory

4. None of the above

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