Organizational Development: Meaning and Interventions Management YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Organizational Development: Meaning and Interventions Management

Meaning

  • An organization has various levels and departments and it is important that the betterment and development of the individuals in this development happen continuously.
  • OD is a holistic and integrated approach to improve the Efficiency and effectiveness of the enterprise.

Importance

  • Continuous improvement: Companies that engage in organizational development commit to continually improving their business and offerings. The OD process creates a continuous cycle of improvement whereby strategies are planned, implemented, evaluated, improved and monitored.
  • Increased profit: Organizational development affects the bottom line in a variety of ways. Through raised innovation and productivity, efficiency and profits are increased. Costs are also reduced by minimizing employee turnover and absenteeism.
  • Analyzes Work Processes: Analyzing your company՚s work processes is another role of organizational development. When your company is involved in organizational development, you are able to analyze work processes for efficiency and accuracy.
  • Identifies Areas That Need Change: One of the functions of organizational development is that it identifies areas in your company operations where change is needed. Senior decision makers and managers can analyze each need, and project the potential effects of change into a management plan.

OD Interventions

  • Career Planning: It is basically the process of matching the individuals career aspirations with the opportunities available in the organization.
  • Sensitivity Training: Also called T-group training. Sensitivity training is designed basically to help individuals understand each other՚s behavior.
  • Role Negotiation: In some cases, people have liking for different jobs. So, the roles and responsibilities are renegotiated among them.
  • Redesigning the job itself: Some jobs have to be simplified so that it can match with the skills of the individuals. Job can also be enriched; enlargement can also be done.
  • Skill Training: Various skills related to job because of continuous change happening in the environment.

Group Focused Interventions

  • Quality Circles: These are group of volunteers from the lower level of the organization. They advise to the management on certain issues.
  • Organizational Survey: It is the most commonly used intervention. Here the employees՚ feedback is taken and organizations problems are identified.
  • Management by Objectives: It is a technique wherein the standards are set regarding what is expected form each employee. Then the performance is measured and finally the controlling measures are taken if there is any deviation from the expectations.
  • Quality Work life: The work and personal life should be balance. If it is not so then the organization can suffer due to lack of motivated employees.

MCQs

Quality circle technique of OD was perceived in which country first?

1. India

2. China

3. Japan

4. England

Answer: 3

Under which technique of OD, the match is made between job role and employee skills?

1. Job redesign

2. Job Negotiation

3. Imparting skills training

4. Career Planning

Answer: 1

Manishika