# Anumana Terminology for Competitive Exams

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 Paksha Hetu Sadhya Minor Term (Mountain)Characteristic – linga (smoke on Paksha) Middle Term (Smoke)vyapya (smoke)factum probansReason Major Term (Fire)vyapakafactum probandum
• Inferential cognition (anumiti) is a proposition that follows from the first two propositions and so corresponds to the conclusion of the syllogism

• Vyapti expresses the relation of invariable concomitance of hetu (middle term) with the sadhya (major term).

• The middle term (smoke) when appearing on Paksha is called linga (sign) while in vyapti it is called hetu (reason). Complete notes and preparation module at doorsteptutor.com

• Paksha - Sapaksha: The place where the sadhya definitely is exists is sapaksha (kitchen) & Vipaksha: The place where the sadhya is definitely absent is vipaksha (lake)

• Hetu

• Linga

• Drstanta (Example)

• Pakshadharmata (Special Feature of the Subject) - judgment of such a perception.

• E.g., existence of smoke on mountain. Pakshadharmata of the paksha is essential for proving sadhya (fire) on the paksha

• Paramsa: The process of inference relates the sadhya or major term to the paksha or minor term.

• This is done through the relation of the hetu to both the paksha (by pakshadharmata) and the sadhya (by vyapti).

• Subsumptive reflection is the knowledge of reason (hetu) existing on the paksha together with the knowledge of invariable concomitance (vyapti) between hetu and sadhya.

#Terminology

#Mountain

#Fire

#Reason

#Factum

#Characteristics

#Smoke

#Inference

#Manishika

#Examrace

#Anumana

#Logic

# Vyapti