Classical Indian Philosophy Theism in Yoga, the Place of God in Yoga and Important Points

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Complete Video at - Classical Indian Philosophy: Theism in Yoga & The place of God in Yoga (Philosophy)

The Place of God in Yoga

  • Yoga school of Indian philosophy by Patanjali accepts the existence of God.

  • According to Patanjali, God is a special kind of Purusha who is free from all actions, effects, modifications, pains, impressions, etc.

  • So, he is a special purusha who is also a supreme knower, eternal free and above the laws of karma.

  • Patanjali avers that God is the purest knowledge, he is the teacher of the seers or rishis, and is also the teachers of the Vedas.

  • Aum is his symbol.

  • As a result, Patanjali believes devotion to God or Ishvaraparinidhana is a surest means of obtaining concentration or samadhi.

  • In other words, it can be said that the description of God or special Purusha given by Patanjali is that of a Saguna God or God who is endowed with all positive qualities such as omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence, etc.

  • Patanjali also gives some proofs in-order for the existence of God. Some of them are;

    • The holy literature, Vedas gives us the knowledge of God’s existence.

    • Laws of continuity tell us that God, the highest knowledge and perfection exists.

    • God is responsible for the association and the disassociation of Prakriti and Purusha.

    • Ishvaraparanidhana or devotion towards God is the surest way to obtain samadhi and thereby, liberation.

Yet, it is very important to note that the special purusha or God of Patanjali is not the following;

  • He is not the creator, preserver and destroyer of the world

  • He cannot punish or rewards the souls.

  • He cannot grant liberation to the souls. He can only remove obstacles from the path of his devotee who are onto the path of progress.

  • He has nothing to do with the concept of bondage and liberation.

  • As a result, according to the Yoga school of Indian philosophy by Patanjali, the purpose of human life or the aim of human life is not the union with God.

  • Rather, it is to understand and have the knowledge of the separation of the Purusha from the Prakriti.

  • Hence, according to Patanjali, liberation is the knowledge of disassociation of Purusha from Prakriti via Ishvaraparanidhana.

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Important Points

  • Yoga-sutra is written by Patanjali

  • Yoga-vartika is written by Vijnanabhiksu

  • Yoga is a theistic school of Indian Philosophy

  • Patanjali’s yoga is Raja-yoga

MCQ

Q-1 Patanjali’s yoga is

A. Bhakti Yoga

B. Hat Yoga

C. Karma Yoga

D. Raja Yoga

Answer: D

2. Which of the following statements are correct in accordance with Patanjali’s conception of God;

A. He is the creator, preserver and destroyer of the world

B. He cannot punish or rewards the souls.

C. He cannot grant liberation to the souls.

D. Both B and C

Answer: D.

3. According to Patanjali, _____ is the surest means of attaining liberation

A. Devotion to God

B. Study of Scriptures

C. Performing Yama

D. Both B and C

Answer: A

4. According to ______, God is a special kind of Purusha who is free from all actions, effects, modifications, pains, impressions, etc.

A. Kapila

B. Kanada

C. Patanjali

D. Shankara

Answer: C

#Theism

#God

#Patanjali

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