Classical Western Philosophy st. Anselm Philosophy YouTube Lecture Handouts

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St. Anselm - Saint of Canterbury; Ontological Argument: Classical Western Philosophy

Title: Classical Western Philosophy st. Anselm

Saint of Canterbury

  • He was a devout Christian theologian and philosopher.
  • Belonged to the era of Medieval Philosophy.
  • He was influenced by the works of St. Augustine.
  • The slogan, “credo, ut intelligam.” Meaning, let me believe in-order to understand.
  • Belonged to the school of scholasticism.

The Ontological Argument

  • Most famous for his Ontological argument for the existence of God.
  • Monologion gives cosmological and teleological proofs or arguments for the existence of God.
  • In his work, Proslogion, he advances ontological argument towards the existence of God.
  • Ontological = The essence of the Idea of the perfect God implies its Existence
  • Famous works; Monologion, Proslogion, Responsio, etc.
  • Proslogion in English is “Dialogue on Existence of God or faith seeking understanding”
The Ontological Argument
  • He was the First to advocate the ontological argument for the existence of God.
  • His ontological argument influenced a number of philosophers such as; Descartes, Leibniz, Hegel, Bradley, etc.
  • The criticism for his Ontological argument for the existence of God too followed;
  • Most famous example; Kant - Not rational argument!

MCQs

Anselm came up with his Ontological argument for the Existence of God in his work

A. Pros logion

B. Response

C. Monologion

D. None of these

Answer: Anselm came up with his Ontological argument for the Existence of God in his work Proslogion.

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