Modern Western Philosophy Kant Philosophy YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Modern Western Philosophy Kant Philosophy

Title: Modern Western Philosophy Kant

The Critical Philosophy

  • Rationalism and Empiricism are right in what they affirm.
  • But wrong in what they deny.
  • Debate between Rationalism and Empiricism.
  • Kant says, Knowledge begins with experience but does not necessarily originate from it.
  • Knowledge begins with Sense; it proceeds to Understanding and ends in Reason.

Why Critical?

It is said as Critical philosophy because Kant goes beyond the dogmatic style and systems of philosophy.

Forms of Sensibility

  • In the absence of Space and Time nothing can be perceived.
  • Mind has a faculty via which forms are given to perceptions.
  • Kant and Hume have both discussed the topic of space and time.

Synthetic A-Priori Judgements

  • The central point of Kant lies that a priori elements serve to increase empirical knowledge.
  • Not the same as Metaphysics.
  • Metaphysics as a science is not possible.


Whose philosophy is known as Critical Philosophy

A. Kant

B. Hume

C. Both A and B

D. Buddhism

Answer: A

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