Polity Study Material: Administration Relations

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Administrative Relations between the Union and the States

The Union Government have the power to give directions to the Slate Governments as regards exercise of their executive powers in respect of the following matters: Normal Time Directions

  1. To ensure compliance with Union laws and existing laws which apply in that State. Art. 257J
  2. To ensure that the exercise of executive powers of State do not interfere with the executive powers of the Union. Art. 257 i
  3. To ensure maintenance construction of the means and of communication of national or military importance by the state. Art. 257 2
  4. To ensure protection of railways within the State. Art. 257 − 3
  5. To ensure drawing and execution of schemes specified in the directions to be essential for the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in the State. Art. 339 − 2
  6. To ensure the provisions of adequate facilities for instruction in the mother tongue at the primary stage of education to children belonging to the linguistic minorities. Art. 350-AJ
  7. To ensure the development of Hindi language. Art. 351
  8. During Emergency
    1. During a proclamation of Emergency, the Union Government is empowered to give directions to any State as to the manner in which the executive power of the State is to be exercised. Art. 353 a
    2. During a proclamation of failure of constitutional machinery in a State, the President may assume to himself all or any of the executive powers of the State. Art. 35G i
    3. During the proclamation of Financial Emergency, the executive authority of the Union extends to the giving of directions to any State:
      1. to observe such canons of financial property as may be specified in the directions
      2. to reduce the salaries and allowances of all or any class of persons serving in connection with the affairs of State or Union including Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts
      3. to require that all Money Bills and other financial Bills be reserved for consideration by the President when passed by the State Legislature. Art. 30 − 4 Sanction for Ensuring Compliance with Directives Article 35 of the Constitution provides that in case of non-compliance of directives given to a State by the Union, it shall be lawful for the President to declare that a situation has arisen in which the Government of the State cannot be carried in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. On such a declaration being made, the provisions of Art. 356 regarding failure of constitutional machinery will come into operation and the President will assume to himself all or any of the executive powers and thereby have the violated directives carried out:

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