NCERT Class 6 Political Science Chapter 2: Diversity and Discrimination YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Differences and Prejudice

  • 8 major religions in world – all in India

  • 1600 languages

  • 100 dance forms

  • Differ in attitude, opinion, dress, look, talk, feel, play, eat, speak

  • Prejudice – negative feeling or biased opinion – about language, skin color, clothes

Image of Differences And Prejudice For Political Science

Image of Differences and Prejudice for Political Science

Image of Differences And Prejudice For Political Science

Stereotype

  • Perceived notion about group of people – fix people into one image

  • Gender differences

  • “Boys don’t cry”

  • “People say all sort of things”

  • From “disabled” to “children with special needs”

  • It prevents us from doing certain things

Inequality and Discrimination

  • Arise due to stereotype and prejudice

  • Discrimination on religion, economic background, tribals, work (cleaning, washing, garbage picking)

  • B.R. Ambedkar - father of the Indian Constitution and best known leader of the Dalits

Striving for Equality

  • Dalits, women, tribals and peasants

  • Also against Britishers

  • Dalit – demanded entry to temples

  • Women – demanded right to education

  • Constitution - all the people of India were considered equal – equal rights, untouchability as curse & abolished by law

  • Government jobs open to all

  • Right to equality for poor and marginal communities

  • No language, religion or festival should become compulsory

  • India – Secular nation

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