NCERT Class 6 Political Science Chapter 3: What is Government? YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Government

  • Group of people

  • Governs a community or unit

  • Administers public policy

  • Exercises executive, political and sovereign power through customs, institutions, and laws within a state

Role of Government

  • Protect right of workers

  • Making decisions

  • Protecting boundary & maintaining peace

  • Good health care

  • Active in natural disasters

  • Court and legal matter

  • Exercise leadership & implement

Levels of Government

Image of Levels of Government For Political Science

Image of Levels of Government for Political Science

Image of Levels of Government For Political Science

Law & Government

  • Make laws

  • Enforce laws

  • Work on injustice

  • Court can give orders

Philosophies

  • Leftists: Social Equality, govt. support for disadvantaged

  • Rightists: Strong nationalism, market forces

Image of Philosophies For Political Science

Image of Philosophies for Political Science

Image of Philosophies For Political Science

Types of Government

  • Democracy: People give power to government – govt. explain actions to people

  • Monarchy: King/Queen/Small group makes decision – they don’t explain or defend their actions

  • Aristocracy: Noble birth holding hereditary titles and offices

  • Dictatorship: Absolute authority

  • Republican (Right-Wing) vs. Democrats (Left-Wing)

India – Democratic Government

  • People have power to elect their leaders

  • People rule themselves by participating

  • Representative democracies: people don’t participate directly – election process – representative meet & make decisions

  • Universal adult franchise: All adults in country are allowed to vote

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