NCERT Class 6 Political Science Chapter 4: Key Element of Democratic Government YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Image of Elements of Democratic Government For Political Science

Image of Elements of Democratic Government for Political Science

Image of Elements of Democratic Government For Political Science

Apartheid

  • Separation based on race

  • People were divided into white, black, Indian and colored races

  • Not allowed to mingle

  • Separate hospitals

  • Ambulances for whites were well-equipped

  • Afrikaans language (spoken by Whites)

  • Local language – Zulu

  • Fought by African National Congress (Nelson Mandela) – 1994 became democratic nation

Image of Apartheid For Political Science

Image of Apartheid for Political Science

Image of Apartheid For Political Science

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician

Participation

  • By voting people elect leaders

  • Representatives take decisions

  • Voice of people is included

  • Government can be for a period of time (In India it is 5 years) – then re-elected

  • Working in Government & criticizing when needed

  • Rallies, dharnas, strikes & signature campaigns

  • Newspaper, Magazines and TV

Conflict

  • Leads to violence and death – fear & tension

  • Discrimination is another cause of conflict

  • Religious processions can lead to conflict

  • Rivers as source of conflict (Cauvery – b/w Karnataka, Kerala & T. Nadu)

Image of Rivers As Source of Conflict For Political Science

Rivers as Source of Conflict for Political Science

Image of Rivers As Source of Conflict For Political Science

Resolving Conflict

  • Police – law & order

  • Equitable distribution

  • Equality and justice

  • Special Provisions

  • Care for Girl Child – “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao

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