NCERT Class 7 Political Science Chapter 1: On Equality YouTube Lecture Handouts

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“Self-respect is the most vital factor in life. Without it, man is a cipher. Nothing is more disgraceful for a brave man than to live life devoid of self-respect.”

- B.R. Ambedkar

  • Constitution guarantees equality for all citizens

  • In reality, inequalities are practiced

  • Equality & democracy are dynamic concepts

Key of Democratic Government

Image of Key of Democratic Government

Image of Key of Democratic Government

Image of Key of Democratic Government

Universal Adult Franchise:

  • Right to vote based on equality

  • Other equality?? (Caste, Class, Religion)

  • Right to vote is there

  • What about right to equal living?

  • What about equal working conditions?

  • What about caste identity? – even in minds of educated urban youth

  • What about Dalits (broken)?

  • Omprakash Valmiki’s autobiography: Joothan - Experiences of growing up as a Dalit boy

Recognize Dignity

  • Unequal treatment violates dignity

  • Self-respect or dignity should not be challenged

Equality in Indian Democracy

Every individual in India including male and female persons from all castes, religions, tribes, educational and economic backgrounds are recognized equal.

  • Every person is equal before law

  • No discrimination based on religion, race, caste, place of birth or gender

  • Every person has access to all public places (wells, roads)

  • Untouchability has been abolished

Implementation of Equality by Constitution

  • By Laws

  • By Government programs to help disadvantaged communities – greater opportunity

Some Major Schemes

Mid-Day Meals: In government schools for cooked lunch – increased enrollment and attendance, children previously not returned after lunch, mothers can continue the work without interruption, reduce caste prejudice, more employment in schools, curb hunger

Changing Attitude

  • Slow and gradual

  • Continuous struggle

  • Equality in books must reach the grounds

Worldwide Instances

  • USA: African–Americans (Rosa-Parks) – Civil Rights Movement – Civil Rights Act, 1964

  • Africa: Apartheid (Nelson Mandela)

Challenges Ahead!!

  • Struggle for the recognition of all persons as equal

  • Struggle for their dignity to be maintained

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