NCERT Class 7 Political Science Chapter 10: Struggles for Equality Youtube Lecture Handouts

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  • All Indians as equal before the law and states that no person can be discriminated against because of their religion, sex, caste or whether they are rich or poor

  • Adults have right to vote – have power over ballot box

  • Person selling juice cannot compete with branded drinks

  • Poverty & lack of resources is the main reason for inequality

  • Discrimination based on religion, caste and sex is another reason for inequality

  • Some people are recognized as they address inequality issues

Tawa Matsya Sangh (TMS)

  • Dams are made & forests are cleared, people are displaced

  • In urban areas, bastis are uprooted & people relocated

  • Federation of Fisherworker’s cooperatives for the rights of displaced forest dwellers of the Satpura forest in MP

  • Tawa River: Flows from Mahadeo hills of Chindwara district & joins Narmada in Hoshangabad.

  • Tawa Dam: Started in 1958 and was completed in 1978. It submerged large areas of forest and agricultural land.

  • Tehri dam – submerged old Tehri town & 100 villages. Around 1 lakh people were displaced.

  • In 1994: Government gave rights of fishing to private contractors in Tawa reservoir – villagers stood united & decided its time set organization - chakka jam

  • In 1996: People given the rights for fishing

  • Establish cooperatives to buy fish catch at fair price, arrange transport and sell them in market, loan for repair & buy new nets

Constitution

  • Recognizes all people as equal

  • Bring reality in participation

  • Constitution as a living document – has real meaning in our lives

Issues Addressed

  • Privatization of health services

  • Increasing control that business houses exert on the media

  • Low value given to women and their work

  • Low earnings made by small farmers who grow cotton

  • Dignity & self-respect of common man

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