NCERT Class 7 Political Science Chapter 3: How the State Government Works YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Government works at 3 levels: Local, State & National Consider State Level

Who is Answerable?

  • Water shortage

  • Communicable diseases

  • Spread of Diseases

  • Dirty Streets

Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs)

  • Elected by People

  • Become members of legislative assembly

  • Form government

  • Represent People

  • Elected by people and so its people who have real say

  • Authorize and supervise work

  • Have executive responsibility

  • State is divided into constituencies (E.g., Himachal Pradesh has 68 constituencies)

  • Each constituency (area from which all the voters living there choose their representatives) has 1 representative

  • Come from different political parties

  • Majority: Political party whose MLA wins more than half of the constituencies

  • Opposition: All other parties than ruling party & blame the government

Chief Minister

  • MLA from ruling party will elect their leader

  • He selects other ministers

  • Responsible to run government departments

  • Different ministries have separate offices

Governor

  • Head of the State

  • Appointed by the Central Government to ensure that State Government works within the rules and regulations of the Constitution

  • He appoints Chief Minister and other ministers

Legislative Assembly

  • Place where MLA from ruling and opposition party meet - Legislature

  • Some MLA have dual roles: As MLA & as Minister

  • Express opinions and issues

  • Ask questions and give suggestions

  • Decisions must be approved by MLAs

  • Debates like – deaths due to diahorrea, lack of beds in hospitals, ORS distribution, water shortage, infrastructure, sanitation, drive to clean garbage

Working of Government

  • People express views

  • Press conferences (journalists invited to hear and ask questions) – Ministers explain the steps

  • Ministers visit people and allow compensation or whatsoever required

  • Look for high level inquiry committee

  • Action is taken by PWD, Health Department etc.

  • Newspapers and media play a major role

  • Govt. can make new laws – build toilets in every urban area, appoint health worker in each village.

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