NCERT Class 7 Political Science Chapter 5: Women Change the World YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Efforts by Women Movement to Change Discrimination

  • Farmer

  • Teacher

  • Scientist

  • Pilot

  • 83.6% - working women are engaged in agricultural work

  • Women are better as nurses – linked to women role in family

  • Due to stereotyping that science requires technical mind – girls lack this field like engineering

  • Stereotype: When we believe that people belonging to particular groups based on religion, wealth, language are bound to have certain fixed characteristics or can only do a certain type of work.

  • Some like to face challenges

  • Boys asked to go for science subjects for career pursuit

  • Boys asked not to cry at an early age

Past

  • Skill of reading & writing was known to few

  • Children learnt work with families

  • E.g., women collected mud & prepared earth for pots, not operated wheels so were not potters

  • Education & learning ideas emerged

  • Schools became common

  • Girls now sent to schools for education

  • Ramabai known as ‘Pandita’: Never went to school but read & write Sanskrit. Established Mission in Khedgaon near Pune in 1898, where widows and poor women were encouraged to become literate & independent – by learning skills for carpentry, printing press etc.

  • Rashsundari Devi (1800–1890) in West Bengal: Autobiography in Bangla “Amar Jiban”, 1st autobiography written by an Indian woman (housewife from rich landlord’s family)

  • Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain: Rich family with lands, could read & write Urdu but not Bangla & English. Wrote with help of elder brother & sister. Wrote story titled Sultana’s Dream in 1905 with a place called Lady land (women has liberty to study, work & inventions). In 1910, she started school for girls in Kolkata.

Image of Literacy Percentage In India

Image of Literacy Percentage in India

Image of Literacy Percentage In India

Girls Leaving Schools: Higher in SC/ST as Compared to General

  • Muslim girls in school for 3 years & other for 4 years

  • Lack of proper schools and teachers

  • Lack of transportation

  • Family can’t bear cost of education

  • Children leave school as they are discriminated

Women Movement

  • Improvement in health, legal reforms & violence

  • Women Movement: Individual & collective effort

  • Diversity, passion & effort

  • Spread awareness – street plays, songs & public meetings

  • Fight discrimination – protesting, raise voice against violation (break the laws), public rallies & demonstrations

  • Seek justice

  • Campaigns which lead to new laws

  • Legal protection

  • Protect against sexual harassment at workplace & educational institutions

  • Women groups spoke for dowry deaths in 1980s (Satyarani – active member)

  • Showing Solidarity – with other women – holding candles at Wagah borders

  • 8th March: International Women Day

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