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Political Science

Polity 6th Schedule

Provisions

Article 244:- Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas

6th schedule: It deals with the administration of the tribal areas in the four northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

Autonomous Districts

  • If there are different tribes in an autonomous district, the governor can divide the district into several autonomous regions.
  • Composition: Each autonomous district has a district council consisting of 30 members, of whom four are nominated by the governor and the remaining 26 are elected on the basis of adult franchise.
  • Term: The elected members hold office for a term of five years (unless the council is dissolved earlier) and nominated members hold office during the pleasure of the governor.

Each autonomous region also has a separate regional council.

Legislative Power

The district and regional councils administer the areas under their jurisdiction. They can make laws on certain specified matters like land, forests, canal water, shifting cultivation, village administration, and inheritance of property, marriage and divorce, social customs and so on. But all such laws require the assent of the governor.

Judicial Power

The district and regional councils within their territorial jurisdictions can constitute village councils or courts for trial of suits and cases between the tribes. They hear appeals from them. The jurisdiction of high court over these suits and cases is specified by the governor.

Regulatory Power

The district council can establish, construct or manage primary schools, dispensaries, markets, ferries, fisheries, roads and so on in the district. It can also make regulations for the control of money lending and trading by non- tribals. But, such regulations require the assent of the governor. The district and regional councils are empowered to assess and collect land revenue and to impose certain specified taxes.

Recent Development

  • The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the constitutional amendment ( 125th amendment bill) which seeks to increase the powers of the autonomous councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of the Northeast.
  • NCST (338 A) Recommended that UT of Ladakh to be declared as “TRIBAL AREA” under 6th SCHEDULE

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