Power: Introduction Political Science YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Power Political Science

Introduction

What is “power” ?

  • Most people have an intuitive notion of what it means.
  • But scientists have not yet formulated a statement of the concept of power that is rigorous enough to be of use in the systematic study of this important social phenomenon.
  • According to Robert Dahl, power is defined by the comparative degree of its holding between two or more people.
  • With this concept we can rank the different members of society according to their ranks and their place in social strata.
  • Political science utilizes this concept to understand the social dynamics of the society to measure its political effect and its degree.
  • Economic power can be a very impactful tool that may be used by its holders to calibrate or influence the economic policy of any state.
Economic Power
  • Generally, the groups are being formed to gain the power and to balance the things sometimes neutrally sometimes by its holders in their favour.
  • The word “Power” has also a verb meaning like ‘influence’ or ‘control’ in relation with utilization by its subject.

Power as a Relation Among People

  • As power is defined by a relation among the people comparatively so in other words it can also be defined as it can compel someone to do something which he would have not otherwise do.
  • Of course, this a negative notion about power and in the end, it leads to the collapse of the system or with the distrust of the followers (respondents) .

Power Comparability

The concept of power comparability is defined by following parameters:

  • “More power than,”
  • “Less power than,”
  • and “equal power.”

Important Questions

  • In the developing countries like India the power of political actors has far more weightage than developed countries.
  • Power comparability plays a very important role in deciding the foreign policy of any country.

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