Thomes Hobbes Western Political Thoughts for Competitive Exams (2020)

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Thomes Hobbes: Western Political Thought Its Nature, Analysis, Social Contract (Political Science)

First Social contract philosopher

Image of Thomes Hobbes

Image of Thomes Hobbes

Important Concepts

  • State of Nature

  • Analysis of human nature

  • Social contract

  • Sovereignty

  • Natural Law

  • Natural Right

State of Nature

  • A hypothetical condition .

  • People living in before coming in contract.

  • A condition of perpetual peace and fear.

  • Might is right.

  • War of all against all.

  • There were no state controls and regulations.

  • Every individual is the competitor of the other.

  • Living in conflictual condition.

  • Every one is potential enemy of the other.

Analysis of Human Nature

  • Man is poor ,nasty, brutish,savage and solitary.

  • Self –centered.

  • Has his own concept of pleasure-pain, good- bad.

  • An uncivilized creature.

  • Presents a dark picture of human nature.

Social Contract

  • The life of state of nature forced to enter into contract.

  • For perseverance or protection of rights they contract.

  • Arrived at through covenants.

  • Contract is one way.

  • People surrender their rights to sovereign.

  • People are the only party to contract.

Sovereignty

Sovereignty

Image of Sovereignty

  • Sovereign can not be unjust.

  • Final authority to approve all contract.

  • Should not be disobeyed.

  • Accountable to none for his actions.

  • This makes Hobbes an absolutist.

Natural Law

Image of Natural Law

Image of Natural Law

Natural Rights

Image of Natural Rights

Image of Natural Rights

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