Demographics and Religions of India and Census Information of India

Glide to success with Doorsteptutor material for UGC : Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 140K)

Religious Demographics

Religions of India [13] [14] [15]

Religions of India
Religions of India

Religion

Population

Percent

All religions

1,028,610,328

100.00%

Hindus

827,578,868

80.5%

Muslims

138,188,240

13.4%

Christians

24,080,016

2.3%

Sikhs

19,215,730

1.9%

Buddhists

7,955,207

0.8%

Jains

4,225,053

0.4%

Bahais

1,953,112

0.18%

Others

4,686,588

0.32

Religions not stated

727,588

0.1%

The table below summarizes India’s demographics (excluding Mao-Marram, Pamoate and Purl subdivisions of Senapati District of Manipur state due to cancellation of census results) according to religion per 2001 census in percent. The data is “unadjusted” (without excluding Assam and Jammu and Kashmir); the 1981 census was not conducted in Assam and the 1991 census was not conducted in Jammu and Kashmir.

Table 2: Census information for 2001

Census Information for 2001
Census information for 2001

Composition

Hindus []

Muslims []

Christians []

Sikhs []

Buddhist []

Jains []

Others1[]

% total of Population 2001

10-Yr Growth % (Est ‘91-’01) []

No. of females/1000, males. (avg.=944)

Literacy rate (71.7% for Age 7 and above) [16]

Work Participation Rate

Rural Sex Ratio []

Urban Sex Ratio []

Child Sex Ratio (0-6 yrs.)

1 including Baha’is, Jews, and Paresis. Tribal Animists (and non-religious) are included after 1926 (1931 census onwards)

Neonatal and Infant Demographics

The table below presents the infant mortality rate trends in India, by gender, in last 15 years. In urban areas of India, average male infant mortality rates are slightly higher than female infant mortality rates.

Infant mortality demographic trends of India per 1000 births

Infant Mortality Demographic Trends of India Per 1000 Births
Infant mortality demographic trends of India per 1000 births

Year

Infant (0-1 year),

Male Infant (0-1 year), Female

Reference

1998

70

74

[17]

2005

56

58

[18]

2009

49

52

[19]

Some activists believe India’s 2011 census shows a serious decline in the number of girls under the age of seven activists fear eight million female foetuses may have been aborted between 2001 and 2011. These claims are controversial. Scientists who study human sex ratios and demographic trends suggest that birth sex ratio between 1.08 to 1.12 can be because of natural factors, such as the age of mother at baby’s birth, age of father at baby’s birth, number of babies per couple, economic stress, endocrinological factors, etc. The 2011 census birth sex ratio in India, of 917 girls to 1000 boys, is similar to 870-930 girls to 1000 boys’ birth sex ratios observed in Japanese, Chinese, Cuban, Filipino and Hawaiian ethnic groups in the United States between 1940 to 2005. They are also similar to birth sex ratios below 900 girls to 1000 boys observed in mothers of different age groups and gestation periods in the United States.

Population Within the Age Group of 0-6

Population Within the Age Group of 0-6
Population within the age group of 0-6

State/UT Code

India/State/UT

Persons

Males

Females

01

Jammu and Kashmir

2,008,642

1,080,662

434,554

02

Himachal Pradesh

763,864

400,681

363,183 03

03

Punjab

2,941,570

1,593,262

1,348,308

04

Chandigarh

117,953

63,187

54,766 05

05

Uttarakhand

1,328,844

704,769

624,075

06

Haryana

3,297,724

1,802,047

1,495,677

07

Delhi

1,970,510

1,055,735

914,775

08

Rajasthan

10,504,916

5,580,212

4,924,704

09

Uttar Pradesh

29,728,235

15,653,175

14,075,060

10

Bihar

18,582,229

9,615,280

8,966,949

11

Sikkim

61,077

31,418

29,659

12

Arunachal Pradesh

202,759

103,430

99,329

13

Nagaland

285,981

147,111

138,870

14

Manipur

353,237

182,684

170,553

15

Mizoram

165,536

83,965

81,571

16

Tripura

444,055

227,354

216,701

17

Meghalaya

555,822

282,189

273,633

18

Assam

4,511,307

2,305,088

2,206,219

19

West Bengal

10,112,599

5,187,264

4,925,335

20

Jharkhand

5,237,582

2,695,921

2,541,661

21

Odisha

5,035,650

2,603,208

2,432,442

22

Chhattisgarh

3,584,028

1,824,987

1,759,041

23

Madhya Pradesh

10,548,295

5,516,957

5,031,338

24

Gujarat

7,494,176

3,974,286

3,519,890

25

Daman and Diu

25,880

13,556

12,324

26

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

49,196

25,575

23,621

27

Maharashtra

12,848,375

6,822,262

6,026,113

28

Andhra Pradesh

8,642,686

4,448,330

4,194,356

29

Karnataka

6,855,801

3,527,844

3,327,957

30

Goa

139,495

72,669

66,826

31

Lakshadweep

7,088

3,715

3,373

32

Kerala

3,322,247

1,695,935

1,626,312

33

Tamil Nadu

6,894,821

3,542,351

3,352,470

34

Puducherry

127,610

64,932

62,678

35

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

39,497

20,094

19,403

INDIA

158,789,287

82,952,135

75,837,152

Population Above the Age of 7

Population Above the Age of 7
Population above the age of 7

State/UT Code

India/State/UT

Persons

Males

Females

01

Jammu and Kashmir

10,540,284

5,584,889

4,955,385

02

Himachal Pradesh

6,092,645

3,073,211

3,019,434

03

Punjab

24,762,666

13,041,557

11,721,109

04

Chandigarh

936,733

517,095

419,638

05

Uttarakhand

8,787,908

4,449,409

4,338,499

06

Haryana

22,055,357

11,703,083

10,352,274

07

Delhi

14,782,725

7,920,675

6,862,050

08

Rajasthan

58,116,096

30,039,874

28,076,222

09

Uttar Pradesh

169,853,242

88,943,240

80,910,002

10

Bihar

85,222,408

44,570,067

40,652,341

11

Sikkim

546,611

290,243

256,368

12

Arunachal Pradesh

1,179,852

616,802

563,050

13

Nagaland

1,694,621

878,596

816,025

14

Manipur

2,368,519

1,187,080

1,181,439

15

Mizoram

925,478

468,374

457,104

16

Tripura

3,226,977

1,644,513

1,582,464

17

Meghalaya

2,408,185

1,210,479

1,197,706

18

Assam

26,657,965

13,649,839

13,008,126

19

West Bengal

81,235,137

41,740,125

39,495,012

20

Jharkhand

27,728,656

14,235,767

13,492,889

21

Odisha

36,911,708

18,598,470

18,313,238

22

Chhattisgarh

21,956,168

11,002,928

10,953,240

23

Madhya Pradesh

62,049,270

32,095,963

29,953,307

24

Gujarat

52,889,452

27,507,996

25,381,456

25

Daman and Diu

217,031

136,544

80,487

26

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

293,657

167,603

126,054

27

Maharashtra

99,524,597

51,539,135

47,985,462

28

Andhra Pradesh

76,022,847

38,061,551

37,961,296

29

Karnataka

54,274,903

27,529,898

26,745,005

30

Goa

1,318,228

668,042

650,186

31

Lakshadweep

57,341

29,391

27,950

32

Kerala

30,065,430

14,325,355

15,740,075

33

Tamil Nadu

65,244,137

32,616,520

32,627,617

34

Puducherry

1,116,854

545,553

571,301

35

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

340,447

182,236

158,211

INDIA

1,051,404,135

540,772,113

510,632,022

Developed by: