Demographics of India and India Population Density Map, Rural Population

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India Population Density Map

India Population Density Map

Rural Population

72.2%, male: 381,668,992, female: 360,948,755 (2001 Census)

Age structure

0–14 years: 30.8%, male: 188,208,196, female: 171,356,024 15–64 years: 64.3%, male: 386,432,921, female: 364,215,759 65+ years: 4.9%, male: 27,258,259, female: 30,031,289 (2007 est.)

Median age

25.1 years

Population growth rate

1.548% (2009 est.)

Literacy rate

  • 71.7% (Age 7 and above, as of 2001) [16]

  • 81.4% (Total population, Age 15-25, as of 2006) [30]

Percent of the population under the poverty line

22% (2006 EST.)

Unemployment Rate

7.8%

India Population Density Map

India Population Density Map

Net migration rate

−0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 EST.)

Sex ratio at birth:

  • 1.12 male(s)/female under 10 years: 1.14 male(s)/female 15–24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female 24–64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.908 male(s)/female

  • Total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2011 EST.)

  • Life expectancy at birth total population: 65.8 years (Source: UN Human Development Report 2013)

Total fertility rate

  • 2.72 children born/woman (2009 est.), although more up to date statistics indicate that India’s TFR was 2.6 in 2008 The TFR (Total number of children born per women) according to Religion in 2001 was:

  • Hindus — 2.0 Muslims — 2.4 Sikhs — 2.1 Christians — 2.1 Buddhists — 2.1 Jains — 1.4 Animists and Others — 2.99 Tribal — 3.16 Scheduled Castes — 2.89

Religions

  • Hindu 80.5% Muslim 13.4% Christian 2.3% Sikh 1.8% Buddhists 0.8% Jains 0.4% others 0.7% unspecified 0.1% (2001 Census)Scheduled Castes and Tribes

  • Scheduled Castes: 16.2% (2001 Census) Scheduled Tribes: 8.2% (2001 Census)

Languages: See Languages of India and List of Indian languages by total speakers. There are 216 languages with more than 10,000 native speakers in India. The largest of these is Hindi with some 337 million (the second largest being Bengali with some 207 million). 22 languages are recognized as official languages. In India, there are 1,652 languages and dialects in total.

Population projections

India is projected to overtake China as the world’s most populous nation by 2030. India’s population growth has raised concerns that it would lead to widespread unemployment and political instability. Note that these projections make assumptions about future fertility and death rates which may not turn out to be correct in the event.

1. 2020: 1,326,093,000

2. 2030: 1,460,743,000

3. 2040: 1,571,715,000

4. 2050: 1,656,554,000

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