Demographics of India and Literacy Rate in India, Linguistic Demographics

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Literacy Rate in India

Literacy Rate in India
Literacy rate in India

State/UT Code

India/State/UT

Literate Persons (%)

Males (%)

Females (%)

01

Jammu and Kashmir

68.74

78.26

58.01

02

Himachal Pradesh

83.78

90.83

76.60

03

Punjab

76.68

81.48

71.34

04

Chandigarh

86.43

90.54

81.38

05

Uttarakhand

79.63

88.33

70.70

06

Haryana

76.64

85.38

66.77

07

Delhi

86.34

91.03

80.93

08

Rajasthan

67.06

80.51

52.66

09

Uttar Pradesh

69.72

79.24

59.26

10

Bihar

63.82

73.39

53.33

11

Sikkim

82.20

87.29

76.43

12

Arunachal Pradesh

66.96

73.69

59.57

13

Nagaland

80.11

83.29

76.69

14

Manipur

79.85

86.49

73.17

15

Mizoram

91.58

93.72

89.40

16

Tripura

87.75

92.18

83.15

17

Meghalaya

75.48

77.17

73.78

18

Assam

73.18

78.81

67.27

19

West Bengal

77.08

82.67

71.16

20

Jharkhand

67.63

78.45

56.21

21

Odisha

73.45

82.40

64.36

22

Chhattisgarh

71.04

81.45

60.59

23

Madhya Pradesh

70.63

80.53

60.02

24

Gujarat

79.31

87.23

70.73

25

Daman and Diu

87.07

91.48

79.59

26

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

77.65

86.46

65.93

27

Maharashtra

82.91

89.82

75.48

28

Andhra Pradesh

67.66

75.56

59.74

29

Karnataka

75.60

82.85

68.13

30

Goa

87.40

92.81

81.84

31

Lakshadweep

92.28

96.11

88.25

32

Kerala

93.91

96.02

91.98

33

Tamil Nadu

80.33

86.81

73.86

34

Puducherry

86.55

92.12

81.22

35

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

86.27

90.11

81.84

INDIA

74.04

82.14

65.46

Linguistic Demographics

  • 43% of the Hindus speak Hindi while the rest speak Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and other languages. Almost 45% of the Muslims speak Urdu while the rest speak Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and other languages. About one-third of the Christians speak Malayalam, one-sixth speak Tamil while the rest speak a variety of languages. In total, there are 1,652 languages and dialects spoken in India.

  • The table immediately below excludes Mao-Marram, Pamoate and Purl subdivisions of Senapati District of Manipur state due to cancellation of census results.

Languages of India by number of native speakers as per the 2001 census

Languages of India by Number of Native Speakers as Per the 2001 Census
Languages of India by number of native speakers as per the 2001 census

Rank

Language

Speakers

Percentage

1

Hindi dialects

422,048,642

41.03%

2

Bengali

83,369,769

8.11%

3

Telugu

74,002,856

7.19%

4

Marathi

71,936,894

6.99%

5

Tamil

60,793,814

5.91%

6

Urdu

51,536,111

5.01%

7

Gujarati

46,091,617

4.48%

8

Kannada

37,924,011

3.69%

9

Malayalam

33,066,392

3.21%

10

Oriya

33,017,446

3.21%

11

Punjabi

29,102,477

2.83%

12

Assamese

13,168,484

1.28%

13

Maithili

12,179,122

1.18%

14

Bhili/Khiladi

9,582,957

0.93%

15

Santali

6,469,600

0.63%

16

Kashmiri

5,527,698

0.54%

17

Nepali

2,871,749

0.28%

18

Gondi

2,713,790

0.26%

19

Sindhi

2,535,485

0.25%

20

Konkani

2,489,015

0.24%

21

Dogra

2,282,589

0.22%

22

Khandesi

2,075,258

0.20%

23

Karuk

1,751,489

0.17%

24

Tulu

1,722,768

0.17%

25

Meitei (Manipuri)

1,466,705*

0.14%

26

Bodo

1,350,478

0.13%

27

Khasi - Garo

1,128,575

0.112%

28

Mundari

1,061,352

0.105%

29

Ho

1,042,724

0.103%

Vital Statistics

UN Estimates

UN Estimates
UN estimates

Period

Births per year

Deaths per year

Natural change per year

CBR 1

CDR 1

NC 1

TFR 1

IMR 1

1950–1955

16,832,000

9,928,000

6,904,000

43.3

25.5

17.7

5.90

165.0

1955–1960

17,981,000

9,686,000

8,295,000

42.1

22.7

19.4

5.90

153.1

1960–1965

19,086,000

9,358,000

9,728,000

40.4

19.8

20.6

5.82

140.1

1965–1970

20,611,000

9,057,000

11,554,000

39.2

17.2

22.0

5.69

128.5

1970–1975

22,022,000

8,821,000

13,201,000

37.5

15.0

22.5

5.26

118.0

1975–1980

24,003,000

8,584,000

15,419,000

36.3

13.0

23.3

4.89

106.4

1980–1985

25,577,000

8,763,000

16,814,000

34.5

11.8

22.7

4.47

95.0

1985–1990

26,935,000

9,073,000

17,862,000

32.5

10.9

21.5

4.11

85.1

1990–1995

27,566,000

9,400,000

18,166,000

30.0

10.2

19.8

3.72

76.4

1995–2000

27,443,000

9,458,000

17,985,000

27.2

9.4

17.8

3.31

68.9

2000–2005

27,158,000

9,545,000

17,614,000

24.8

8.7

16.1

2.96

60.7

2005–2010

27,271,000

9,757,000

17,514,000

23.1

8.3

14.8

2.73

52.9

CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

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