Social Institutions: Their Role in Influencing Population Studies for Competitive Exams (2020)

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for UGC : Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 1.9M)

Image of Social Institutions

Image of Social Institutions

Social Institutions: Their Role In Influencing Population Studies (Population Studies)

Content

  • Introduction :

1.1 Definition

  • Classification of the institutions :

2.1 Primary Institutions

2.2 Secondary social institutions

  • Social Institutions and population studies

3.1 Economic Perspective

3.2 Sociological or cultural perspective

  • Impact of Social Institutions

  • MCQ ( Questions and Answers)

Introduction

  • A social institution consists of a group of people who have come together for a common purpose.

    • These institutions are a part of the social order of society .

    • They govern behavior and expectations of individuals.

Image of Chart

Image of Chart

Definition

  • “A group of people united by common interest, endowed by material equipment, following rules of their tradition or agreement (charter) and contributing to the work of culture as a whole”.

Malinowski

  • Following are the Basic Functions of Social Institution :

    • Replacement of members in society

    • Recruiting and guiding new member

    • Production, disbursement and consumption of goods and services

    • Preservation

    • Awareness and establishing a sense of purpose

    • Interaction of the society and their functional interaction

Classification of the Institutions

Image of Classification of The Institutions

Image of Classification of the Institutions

Primary Institutions

  • Sociologists often reserve the term “institution” to describe normative systems that operate in five basic areas of life, which may be designated as the primary institutions.

    • In determining Kinship

    • In providing for the legitimate use of power.

    • In regulating the distribution of goods and services.

    • In transmitting knowledge from one generation to the next. and

    • In regulating our relation to the supernatural.

    • In shorthand form, or as concepts, these five basic institutions are called the family, government, economy, education and religion.

Secondary Social Institutions

  • The secondary institutions derived from Family would be:

Image of Secondary Social Institutions

Image of Secondary Social Institutions

The Secondary Institutions of Economics Would be

Secondary institutions of economics would be

Secondary Institutions of Economics Would Be

The Secondary Institutions of Religion Would be

Secondary Institutions of Religion

Secondary Institutions of Religion

The Secondary Institutions of Education Would be

Secondary Institutions of Education

Secondary Institutions of Education

The Secondary Institutions of State Would Be

Image of The Secondary Institutions of State Would Be

Image of the Secondary Institutions of State Would Be

Social Institution and Population Studies

  • According to North (1990), there are two approaches to social institutions :

  • Economic perspective

  • Image of Social Institution and Population Studies

    Image of Social Institution and Population Studies

Sociological or cultural perspective

  • Economic perspective : From an economic perspective institutions are conceived as the result of collective choices in a society.

  • To achieve gains from cooperative by reducing uncertainty collective action dilemmas and transaction costs.

Sociological or Cultural Perspective

  • Culture describes a group’s shared norms (or acceptable behaviors) and values.

  • Society describes a group of people who live in a defined geographical area, and who interact with one another and share a common culture.

  • Social institutions are mechanisms or patterns of social order focused on meeting social needs, such as:

    • Government

    • Economy

    • Education

    • Family

    • Healthcare

    • Religion

Social Institutions Play an Important Role in Population Studies

  • Culture/traditions shape and dictate the behavioral patterns .

    • It also shows how people within a given context perceive different aspects of the socio-economic and physical environment .

    • It constitutes the beliefs, values and behaviors that a social group share.

  • Religion constitutes a system of beliefs, norms, values and related symbols and rituals that a person or group of people hold sacred or considers to be spiritually significant in this world or in any future world.

Image of Factors Related with Population Studies

Image of Factors Related with Population Studies

Positive Impact of Social Institutions

  • Social institutions impact growth by redistributing resources to the young, the poor, the old, and the sick.

  • It reduced violent, innovation-inhibiting reactions from the economic agents threatened by economic change.

  • Social institutions have had multiple and changing roles in economic growth.

  • Inter-societal cultural distinctions and intra-societal cultural dynamics have led to distinct social and cultural institutions.

  • It finds that social institutions - laws, norms, traditions and codes of conduct - constitute the most important single factor determining women’s freedom of choice in economic activities.

  • They have not only a direct impact on the economic role of women but also an indirect one through women’s access to resources like education and health care.

Negative Impact of Institutional Framework

  • An institutional framework that disadvantages half of the adult population hinders development.

  • To address gender inequalities effectively, policy makers and donors must think about and address institutional frameworks that discriminate against women.

  • A task even more difficult than the tough exercises of increasing female enrolment rates or introducing sustainable micro-credit schemes.

Image of Negative Impact of Institutional Framework

Image of Negative Impact of Institutional Framework

MCQ Questions and Answers

(1) Which among the following is the classification of institutions ?

(A) Family and Religion

(B) Family, Education, Economy and Religion

(C) Economy, Politics and government, Family and Education

(D) None of these

(2)Which among the following is the part of secondary institute of family?

(A) Marriage

(B) Polygamy

(C) Divorce

(D) All of the above

(3) The secondary institutions of state would be _

(A)Interest group

(B) Party system

(C) Democracy

(D) All of the above

(4) North (1990), define approaches of social institutions in how many parts ?

(A) Economic and social only

(B) Social and Cultural only

(C) Social, cultural and Economic only

(D) None of these

(5) Which among the following are the basic functions of the social institutions ?

(1) Replacement of members in society

(2) Awareness and establishing a sense of purpose

(3) Recruiting and guiding new members

(4) Interaction of the society and their functional interaction

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 1and 3 only

(C) 2,3 and 4 only

(D) All of the above

Ans. (1) C (2) D (3) D (4) C (5) D

Developed by: