Health Promoting Behaviour vs Health Compromising Behaviour Health Related Behaviour

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Health Related Behaviour

  • Definition – any behaviour that affects the health of an individual either positively or negatively is considered to be his/her health related behaviour.
  • It includes physical activities, balanced diet, proper intake of water, smoking, alcohol consumption, sleep, meditation, health care precautions, yoga, exercise, etc.
  • Health Related Behaviour is further divided into two divisions: 1. Health promoting behaviour & 2. Health compromising behaviour.
  • There are number of factors that affects or determine the health related behaviour. For eg:
    • Changing demographics
    • Social and cultural disparities
    • Psychosocial and environmental determinants
    • Individual differences
    • Cognitive factors

Health Promoting Behaviour

  • There are number of health related behaviour that are considered to be positive and have a positive effect on our body. Such behaviour are promoted and advised to put in use for the betterment of our health. These type of behavior are known as health promoting behaviour.
  • It includes:
    • Regular Physical activities
    • Balanced diet And a low fat diet
    • No drug Or alcohol consumption
    • Meditation, etc.
  • Health promoting behaviour lower the death rate, lower the risk of death rate due to coronary diseases, promotes healthy habits and lifestyle of living and lower the blood pressure problems.

Health Compromising Behaviour

  • There are certain types of health related behaviour that deteriorates our health and pose a negative impact on the health. Such type of health behaviours come under the category of health compromising behaviour. In order to live long and healthy, the individual should avoid engaging in such type of activities.
  • It includes:
    • Alcohol and drug use.
    • Smoking
    • Unhealthy eating habits
    • Stress inducing activities
    • No exercise or physical activities, etc.
  • Such type of behavior increases the risk of coronary heart diseases, blood pressure issues, breathing problems, indigestion, increased death rate and lower quality of life.

Models of Health Related Behaviour

  • Transtheoretical stages of change Model.
    • Precontemplation
    • Contemplation
    • Action
    • Maintenance
  • Behavioural economics theory
  • Health Belief Model
  • Cognitive Social learning theory
  • Theory of Planned of Behaviour


  • The health related behaviour vary in intensity, duration, frequency and manner in its effect on individual health.
  • The health practitioners and experts are integrating all sorts of theories and trying to figure out methods to promote healthy behaviour and induce health protective behaviour in individual.
  • Success have been found in smoking cessation, adherence to physical activities and medication, reduced risks of CAD diseases.

Multiple Choice Questions: Health Related Behaviour

1. The message of the health belief model is that we have to persuades people that –

A) Behavioural change will result in a health gain. B) The benefits of health behaviour change outweigh the benefits of not changing. C) They will be supported in any attempts at behavioural change. D) They are able to achieve long-term behavioural change.

2. What model or theory health educator should choose as a foundation for practice?

A) Health Belief Model

B) Cognitive Social Learning Model

C) Integration of theories considering the applicability in specific case

3. What type of behavior or activities degrades our health?

4. Low fat diet will be considered as what type of health related behaviour?

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