Psychology: Definition Branches and Activities YouTube Lecture Handouts for Competitive Exams

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  1. In 1879 Wilhelm Wundt, Germany, founded psychology as a truly independent experimental field of study.
  2. Today, He known as the father of psychology.
  3. Set up the first laboratory at Leipzig University.


Psychology is “The profession (clinical psychology) , scholarly discipline (academic psychology) , and science (research psychology) concerned with the behaviour of humans and animals, and related mental and physiologic processes.”

It includes the study of the mind and behaviour of animals, in this article psychology refers to humans.

Medilexicon՚s medical dictionary

Various Branches of Psychology

Some of the major branches are:

  • Clinical psychology: Integration of science, theory, and practice.
  • Cognitive psychology: Internal mental processes such as how people think, perceive and communicate.
  • Developmental psychology: Person develops psychologically over the course of their life.
  • Evolutionary psychology: Psychological adjustments during evolution have affected human behavior.
  • Forensic psychology: Application of psychology to the process of criminal investigation and the law.
  • Health psychology: Health can be influenced by behavior, biology and social context.
  • Neuropsychology: Brain functions in relation to different behaviors and psychological processes.
  • Occupational psychology: How people perform at work in order to develop an understanding of how organizations function.
  • Social psychology: How the behavior and thoughts of people are influenced by the actual or implied presence of others.
Various Branches of Psychology
Other Branches of Psychology

Speciality Areas of Psychology

Speciality Areas of Psychology

Activities Involved

Activity Involved in Psychology

Where Do Psychologists Work?

Where Do Psychologists Work?