Relative Deprivation Theory-Egoistic & Fraternalistic: Intergroup Relations YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Relative Deprivation Theory - Egoistic & Fraternalistic: Intergroup Relations | Psychology UPSC IAS
  • Relative deprivation implies the lack of resources to sustain the diet, lifestyle, activities, and amenities that an individual or group are accustomed to or that are widely encouraged or approved in the society to which they belong.
  • Measurement of relative deprivation provides objective comparison between the members of any group to that of rest of the society or else condition of a group member to rest of the society.
  • Relative deprivation is a sense of being “worse off” in general than the people you identify with and compare yourself to. For example, when you can only afford a compact economy car, but your co-worker drives a fancy luxury car while getting the same salary as you, you can feel relatively deprived.
  • Deprivation theory means that people who are deprived of things deemed valuable in society whether money, justice, status, or privilege, join social movements with the hope to redress their grievances.
  • Sense of relative deprivation ⇾ social movements ⇾ development of social disorder

Egoistic and Fraternalistic Relative Deprivation

  • Walter Runciman gave four preconditions for relative deprivation as follows:
    • Person A does not have X
    • Person A knows of other persons that have X
    • Person A wants to have X
    • Person A believes obtaining X is realistic
  • Runciman explained two types of deprivation as:
    • Egoistic relative deprivation is caused by unfavorable social position when compared to other, better off members of a specific group (of which A is the member) . For example, if an employee of a factory believes that he would get promoted faster and he would to better actions within the group to improve his position. But those actions unlikely to affect others.
    • Fraternalistic relative deprivation is caused by unfavorable comparison to other, better off groups. This type of relative deprivation results in racial discrimination. It may pave the path for large movements.