3 Theories of Sleep, 11 Sleep Disorders and Remedies YouTube Lecture Handouts for Competitive Exams

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for competitive exams : get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of your exam.

Get video tutorial on: Examrace YouTube Channel

3 Theories of Sleep, 11 Sleep Disorders and Remedies

Adaptive Theory of Sleep

  • Product of Evolution

Restorative Theory of Sleep

  • Must for Physical Health of Body

Dual Process Hypothesis of Sleep

  • Refresh Brain
  • Restore Memory

Sleep Disorders

  • Hypersomnia: Excessive daytime sleepiness (drug abuse, insomnia, depression)
  • Insomnia: Inability to get to sleep, stay asleep, or get good quality sleep
  • Narcolepsy: Sudden onset of REM sleep during otherwise waking hours
  • Circadian rhythm disorders: Disturbances of the sleep – wake cycle such as jet lag and shift work
  • Enuresis: Urinating while asleep in bed

Sleep Disorders

  • Sleep Apnea: Loud snoring and stopped breathing (cause of SIDS)
  • Night terrors/Nightmare Disorders: Extreme fear, agitation, screaming while asleep
  • Somnambulism: Sitting, walking, or performing complex behavior while asleep
  • Restless leg syndrome: Uncomfortable sensations in legs causing movement and loss of sleep
  • Nocturnal leg cramps: Painful cramps in calf or foot muscles

Sleep Disorders

  • Periodic limb movement syndrome: Muscle twitches (primarily legs) occur every 20 - 40 seconds & disturb sleep.
  • REM behavior disorder: Failure of normal muscle paralysis causing violent actions during REM sleep.
  • Sleep – wake schedule disorder
  • Sleep Drunkenness: Slow transition to consciousness after awakening

Remedial Measures

  • Paradoxical Intervention – Remove pressure of trying to sleep
  • Relaxation
  • Exercise
  • Food Intake:
  • Stimulus Control
  • Sleep Restrictions: For insomnia
  • Imagery rehearsal: For nightmares