Agrarian Unrest and Peasant Movements Sociology YouTube Lecture Handouts

Doorsteptutor material for competitive exams is prepared by world's top subject experts: get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of your exam.

Agrarian Unrest and Peasant Movements

“The root of peasant unrest, therefore, lies in the social structure of the peasantry, its history, and processes of agricultural modernisation.” - S. L. Desai, P. C. Jain

Introduction

  • Not a new phenomenon
  • Part of National Movement – Bipin Chandra
  • State Government handles
  • Issues of land, agriculture
  • Other names – struggle for peasantry, peasant struggle, peasant uprising, peasant revolution, class struggle, class war, etc.

Concept

  • Farmer՚s agitation or revolt
  • Aim to bring about changes
  • Pre and post independent era

Causes

  • Exploitation
  • Debts
  • Increasing number of landless, uneducated and unemployed
  • Relative deprivation
  • Farmers organization and political awareness
  • Eviction of tenants
  • Anti-farmers policies by Government
  • Modern Technology

Types of Peasant Struggles

  • On the basis of:
    • Ideology
    • Purpose
    • Way of working
    • Organisational base
  • According to Kathleen Gough, five categories or types of peasant struggles
    • Restorative rebellion – Santal insurrection
    • Religious rebellion – Mopla Muslims of Malabar
    • Social banditry – snatch from wealthy and distribute to poor
    • Terrorist vengeance – People՚s war group - Naxalites
    • Mass insurrections – mass explosions – leader is absent- spontaneous start and end

Another category added by, Dr. Dhanagare – Liberal Reformist Movements – no violence – Champaran Satyagraha

Movements in Pre-Independent India

  • Integrated with National struggle
  • Violent
  • Victims of famine, high debts, struggle for National freedom
  • Targets – Zamindars, money lenders, Government
  • Some examples:
    • Champaran movement, 1917
    • Kheda Peasant Struggle, 1918
    • Bardoli Satyagraha, 1920
    • Moplah Rebellion, 1921

Movements in Post-Independent India

  • Telangana Peasant Movement, 1947
  • Naxalbari Peasant Movement, 1967

Existing Peasant Struggles

  • Tamilnadu Farmers Sangh
  • Karnataka Rajya Raita Sangh
  • Shetkari Organisation
  • Bhartiya Kisan Union

MCQs

Q. 1. Which peasant struggle was known as the “beacon light for the revolutionary struggle in India” ?

1. Champaran Movement

2. Naxalbari struggle

3. Bardoli Satyagraha

4. Kheda Satyagraha

Answer: 2

Q. 2. Which of these were the causes of Naxalbari agitation?

a. Economic dissatisfaction

b. Judicial partiality

c. Role of Marxists

d. Indigo grower՚s agitation

Codes:

1. d only

2. a, b and c

3. b and d

4. c only

Answer: 2

#Rural Sociology

#Social Issues and Strategies for Rural Development

#Agrarian unrest and Peasant movements

#UGC-NET

Chapters:

0: 00 Agrarian unrest and Peasant movements

0: 35 Introduction of Peasant movements

2: 10 Concept of Peasant movements

2: 57 Causes of Peasant movements

6: 43 Types of Peasant Struggles

10: 22 Movements in pre-independent India

10: 59 Movements in post-independent India

11: 09 Existing peasant struggles

11: 27 MCQ about Agrarian unrest and Peasant movements

#ruralsociology #socialissuesandstrategiesforruraldevelopment #agrarianunrestandpeasantmovements #ugc-net #agrarianunrest #peasantmovements #introductionofpeasantmovements #conceptofpeasantmovements #causesofpeasantmovements #typesofpeasantstruggles #movementsinpreindependentindia #movementsinpostindependentindia #existingpeasantstruggles #mcqaboutpeasantmovements #testprep

Developed by: