Divorce: Introduction, Divorce Rate Trend – Global and Causes

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Introduction

  • Legal and formal termination of a marriage
  • Permanent form of break up
  • Another form of this break up can be dissertation or separation
  • It is illegal and unofficial
  • It can be temporary or permanent both
  • Lead to family disorganization
  • It breaks up the family unit
  • Social roles are disturbed
  • Before filing for divorce have to wait for a particular period of judicial separation of one year
  • Divorce Act, 1955 - India
  • Earlier divorces were granted only in extraordinary circumstances as marriage was regarded as religious or sacramental
  • With changing times there is flexibility and provision for divorce
  • Marriage is looked upon as a practical commitment attitude of people and society towards divorce has changed
  • Stigma attached to divorce is reducing
  • Although people try to reduce the occurrence of divorce and come out with different mechanisms
  • Today the institution of divorce has also become respectable in many societies
  • Ease of legal procedure involved
  • Women are not dependent on families or on spouses and have the option to live the life they want

Divorce Rate Trend – Global

  • Number of divorces per thousand
  • Less than 1 % in India
  • More than 50 % in USA
Divorce Rate Trend – Global

Causes

  • Change in society
  • Change of sex roles
  • Alcoholism
  • Financial problems
  • Unsound mind
  • Leprosy, venereal disease
  • Emotional immaturity
  • Difficulty in adjusting in the new environment
  • Discrepancy in role expectation
  • Non similar background like culture, education, status
  • Lack of communication
  • Gap in expectations
  • Greater independence of women
  • Dual earning spouses have conflicts and contradictions in the marital expectations
  • Low tolerance
  • Desire for autonomy among women
  • Changing attitudes towards sex
  • Modern society stresses on personal self-fulfillment, independence, and individuality

Six Stations of Divorce by Pail Bohannan

  • Emotional divorce
  • Legal divorce
  • Economic divorce
  • Co-parenting divorce
  • Community divorce
  • Psychic divorce

Others:

  • Ill treatment of wife by husband or of husband by wife
  • Mental or physical cruelty
  • Adultery
  • Impotency
  • Barrenness
  • Immoral conduct
  • Illicit relations

Impact

  • Economic hardships
  • Disruption of family life - chaotic families
  • Stepfather/stepmother adjustment issues
  • Emotional anxiety children
  • Single parent stigma of society
  • Imbalanced development of child

MCQ

Q. 1. Which among the following is true?

(a) Divorce is physical separation of the spouses

(b) Separation is legal termination of a marriage

(c) Both (a) & (b) are true

(d) Both (a) and (b) are false

Ans. (d)

Q. 2. After ‘Industrial Revolution’ divorce rates have

(a) Increased

(d) Decreased

(c) Remained the same

(d) Not taken place

Ans. (a)

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