Gandhi Nai Talim, Swadeshi, Sarvodaya Model Sociology YouTube Lecture Handouts

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MK Gandhi: Nai Talim, Swadeshi, Sarvodaya Model | Sociology

Swadeshi Model of Development

  • Swadeshi as law of laws
  • Self-acting
  • Import as cause of poverty
  • Khadi fulfils the kind of service
  • Universal love and service
  • Patron of local products
  • Doctrine of selfless service that has its roots in the purest ahimsa
  • Organic relationship between production, distribution and consumption.

Social Dimension of Swadeshi

  • Initially he accepted the Varna system (four-fold division of the society purely based on duties)
  • All professions are equal.
  • Work is worship
  • Against orthodox practices and evils
  • He opposed the caste system based on birth and the social status
  • Identified with the untouchables
  • True swaraj by uplifting the deprived sections like Dalits, women, tribals, lepers
  • 18-point Constructive Programmer
    • Reconstruction of society through voluntary and participatory social action
    • Like civil society or NGOs
    • Considered it as a truthful and nonviolent way of winning Poorna Swaraj

Sarvodaya Model

  • Rise of all
  • Against capitalism and socialism
  • Against power in the hands of few
  • Empathised with masses stuck with poverty and deprivation
  • Three basic principles of the concept of Sarovodaya
    • Good of the individual is contained in good of all
    • Lawyers work has the same value as the barbers in as much as all have the same right of earning their livelihood from their work
    • Life of a labour that is the life of the trailer of the soil and handicraft man is the life worth living
  • Later led by Vinoba Bhave

On Education: Nai Talim

  • Wardha scheme of Basic Education or Buniyadi Talim
  • Conference in Wardha, Maharashtra, 1937
  • Education as a tool to defeat the evils of society like untouchability
  • Holistic development of an individual
  • Opposed British education system
  • Work and education are not separate but one
  • Silent social revolution
  • Reduce class discrimination

Nail Talim and NEP 2020

  • Learning by doing
  • Multiple Skills exposure
  • Mother tongue and multilingual
  • Flexibility to choose course based on interests
  • Beyond textbooks


Q. 1

Statement 1: Gandhi՚s ideology of Nai Talim was incorporated in the National Curriculum Framework of 2005.

Statement 2: It was based on the idea of acquiring new knowledge, forming skills and value creation.

In the light of the above statements, choose the correct options:

1. Statement 1 is true and Statement 2 is false

2. Statement 2 is true and Statement 1 is true

3. Both are true

4. Both are false

Answer: 3

Q. 2. Which ethical principle from the Gita inspired Gandhi while discussing about duties of an individual?

1. Atmasakti

2. Ahimsa

3. Yoga

4. Parivartana

Answer: 1