Competitive Exams: Industrial Sociology

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what is and industrial sociology? And what is its scope, also narrate value of industrial sociology in India.

Answer: Industrial sociology (also known as sociology of industrial relations or sociology of work) is the study of the interaction of people within industry it includes the study of boss-subordinate, inter-departmental, and management trade-union relationships. Moreover, on a macrosociological scale, it is the study of the impact of industrialization on whole societies. Insustrial sociology is a field of applied sociology, and has grown mainly out of interests in such issues as productivity, motivation, and unionization. Socialagy is astudy of the human race that deals with social releationships and the effect of external factors like geographical location, education levels, types of the jobs and industrial does and so on:

SCOPE: Industrial sociology attempts to fuse the concept of sociology with the social relationship that exit in the work organization and includes those economic organizations whose sole aim in the provision of goods and services. It took quite some time after the birth of sociology for the sub-specialization of industrial sociology to define involved in the economic organization and the effect of the growth, and spread of industry, on the change of social structure.

Value of Industrial Sociology in India

India experienced industrial revolution nearly a century after the west.

  1. Knowledge of the labour class: Problem of urbanization the labour class has its peculiar status, role and problems in urban society these must be understood and solved. This requires knowledge of industrial society.
  2. labour welfare: Labour welfare and labour legislation requires and understanding of the condition of the industry and labour. The present day industrial society requires labour welfare, which presupposes scientific knowledge in this area.
  3. Problems of urbanization: Urbanization is the process in which the number of people living in cities increases compared with the number of people living in rural areas. A country is considered to be urbanized when over 50 % of its population lives in urban places. Because of urbanization in india started creating problems of houses, over-crowding, high cost of living, unsanitary living conditions and slums.
  4. Solution of the problems of industrialization: Industrialization is closely connected to urban problems. The study of industrial society is a necessary prelude to the solution of the problems of industrialization.
  5. Division of labour: When one observes the present changes in society, the re-valuation and re-organization of the division of labour is necessary for harmony between different classes. In India division of labour has been rationally based upon cast.
  6. Help in family re-organization: Industrial sociology particularly studies urban and industrial families. It requires into causes of their disorganization and suggests remedies. Therefore in India industrial sociology may help in preventing further disorganization of urban and industrial families.
  7. Economic progress: In India today, one hears slogans about removing poverty throughout the land. This requires industrial progress even more than progress in the field of agriculture.
  8. Social welfare: The modern state is a welfare state. The poor and the degraded, since these section are unable to realize their welfare. The social welfare requires direction from industrial sociology.
  9. Development of labour organization: a remedy to industrial dispute is the development of industrial organization. In India labour unions are more involved in playing political games than labour welfare.
  10. Help in rationalization: Being backward, from the scientific and industrial viewpoint, India lags in rationalization of its industries. With the progress of education among capitalization employers and the intervention by the government, efforts are now being made for more and more rationalization in industries. This helped by industrial sociology.
  11. Aid to pragmatic industrial policy: It has been a commonly held precept that when some private companies fail to solve their internal dispute, one of the remedies is the nationalization of the sick industries.
  12. Aid to industrial management: Success in the industry depends upon industrial management. Efficiency of industrial management depends upon the practice of scientific laws of industrial management. Therefore industrial mangers require training in industrial sociology. This is particularly relevant today in India.
  13. Solution of the problems of automation: With the setting up of the large-scale industries in India, automation is increasing. This has increased unemployment; through on the other hand it has increased profit of the industries.
  14. Betterment of employer-employee relationship: Industrial peace and progress depends upon harmonious relationships between the employer and the employee.
  15. use in labour legislation