NCERT Class 7 Political Science Chapter 5: Women Change the World YouTube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 7 Political Science Chapter 5: Women Change the World

Efforts by Women Movement to Change Discrimination

  • Farmer
  • Teacher
  • Scientist
  • Pilot
  • 83.6 %- working women are engaged in agricultural work
  • Women are better as nurses – linked to women role in family
  • Due to stereotyping that science requires technical mind – girls lack this field like engineering
  • Stereotype: When we believe that people belonging to groups based on religion, wealth, language are bound to have certain fixed characteristics or can only do a certain type of work.
  • Some like to face challenges
  • Boys asked to go for science subjects for career pursuit
  • Boys asked not to cry at an early age

Past

  • Skill of reading & writing was known to few
  • Children learnt work with families
  • E. g. , women collected mud & prepared earth for pots, not operated wheels so were not potters
  • Education & learning ideas emerged
  • Schools became common
  • Girls now sent to schools for education
  • Ramabai known as ‘Pandita’ : Never went to school but read & write Sanskrit. Established Mission in Khedgaon near Pune in 1898, where widows and poor women were encouraged to become literate & independent – by learning skills for carpentry, printing press etc.
  • Rashsundari Devi (1800 – 1890) in West Bengal: Autobiography in Bangla “Amar Jiban” , 1st autobiography written by an Indian woman (housewife from rich landlord՚s family)
  • Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain: Rich family with lands, could read & write Urdu but not Bangla & English. Wrote with help of elder brother & sister. Wrote story titled Sultana՚s Dream in 1905 with a place called Lady land (women has liberty to study, work & inventions) . In 1910, she started school for girls in Kolkata.
Literacy Percentage in India

Girls Leaving Schools: Higher in SC/st as Compared to General

  • Muslim girls in school for 3 years & other for 4 years
  • Lack of proper schools and teachers
  • Lack of transportation
  • Family can՚t bear cost of education
  • Children leave school as they are discriminated

Women Movement

  • Improvement in health, legal reforms & violence
  • Women Movement: Individual & collective effort
  • Diversity, passion & effort
  • Spread awareness – street plays, songs & public meetings
  • Fight discrimination – protesting, raise voice against violation (break the laws) , public rallies & demonstrations
  • Seek justice
  • Campaigns which lead to new laws
  • Legal protection
  • Protect against sexual harassment at workplace & educational institutions
  • Women groups spoke for dowry deaths in 1980s (Satyarani – active member)
  • Showing Solidarity – with other women – holding candles at Wagah borders
  • 8th March: International Women Day

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