Composite Water Management Index 2019 (Download PDF)

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The NITI Aayog has declared Gujarat as the most successful state in India in terms of Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0). 25 States and 2 UTs were ranked were ranked by CWMI 2.0 for the reference year 2017 - 18 as against base year 2016 - 17. Also it has been found that on an average 80 % of the states have improved their water management score (avg. ) improvement of + 5.2 points in the assessment report of CWMI 2.0.

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Image Shows of Composite Water Management Index 2019

Image shows of Composite Water Management Index 2019

Composite Water Management Index (CWMI)

  • The NITI Aayog launched CWMI in 2018 as an important tool to assess and improve the performance of States/UTs in efficient management of water resources.

  • It creates a sense of cooperative and competitive federalism among the states.

  • It ranks states/UTs based on water data collection exercise conducted by NITI Aayog in partnership with Union Ministry of Jal Shakti, Union Ministry of Rural Development and all States/UTs.

  • This index also provides useful information for the states and concerned Central ministries and departments thereby them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.

  • Some of themes based upon which the ranking has been done are Rural drinking water (10%), Groundwater augmentation (15%), Major and medium irrigation-supply side management (15%), Source augmentation and restoration of waterbodies (weightage: 5%), Urban water supply and sanitation (10%) and Policy and Governance (15%), maintaining water level as far as farm water use practices is concerned- Demand side management (10%), Participatory Irrigation practices- Demand Side Management (10%) etc.

Performance Analysis

  • Gujarat has been ranked number one for the reference year (2017 - 18).

  • Gujarat is followed by Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

  • Himachal Pradesh has been adjudged number 1 in 2017 - 18 followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura and Assam.

  • Puducherry has been declared as the top ranker as far as the union territories are concerned.

  • As far as the incremental change in index (over 2016 - 17 level) is concerned, Haryana holds number one position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.

Challenges

  • India is facing water scarcity as the biggest issue today. Water availability is declining at a rapid rate. Recently Chennai faced biggest water scarcity issue.

  • The Centre-state and inter-state cooperation can help address the issue.

  • States who are performing well in water management index needs to be rewarded. Also the states who are not performing their names should be listed in the public domain.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 18, 2019

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