India Suspend Talks on Indus Waters Treaty (Important)

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The Indian Government has decided to suspend all further talks on India-Pakistan Indus Waters Treaty. This was decided in a meeting headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the aftermath of the Uri attack.

National Security Adviser (NSA) Ajit Doval, Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar, Water Resources Secretary, and senior PMO officials attended this meeting.

Key Highlights of Meeting

  • No review or abrogation of the Indus Waters Treaty
  • Utilize water under India՚s share to fullest.
  • Talks on the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) (the dispute redressal mechanism) suspended until terrorism stops.
  • Suspension of the review of the 1987 Tulbbul navigation project.
  • Construct more hydropower projects on western rivers (Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab) to promote full utilization.
  • Speed up pace of construction of Pakal Dul, Sawalkot, Bursar dams in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Use 20 % of river water allocated under treaty for Jammu and Kashmir farmers.

About Indus Waters Treaty (IWT)

Location of Indus River
  • India and Pakistan water-distribution treaty, brokered by the World Bank (then the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) .
  • Deals with sharing of water of six rivers - Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum between the two countries
  • Signed in Karachi on September 19,1960 by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.
  • Ravi, Beas and Sutlej eastern rivers came under the control of India and Indus, Jhelum and Chenab the western rivers went under the control of Pakistan.
  • India can only use 20 % of the water of Indus River. Indus flows through India first.
  • Most disputes were started by legal procedures, provided for within the framework of the treaty.
  • The treaty has survived India-Pakistan wars of 1965,1971, and the 1999 Kargil standoff as well Kashmir insurgency since 1990.
  • It is the most successful water treaty in the world.

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